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Linux Fundamentals: Installing and Running Linux

Duration: 5 days

 

Develop the skills to effectively install and run a Linux system.


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Course Description:

You will be able to install Linux, set up user accounts, install and delete packages, configure the filesystem, and configure networking, Xwindows and desktop environments.
 
You will coverů
  • History of Linux

  • Installation and Booting

  • Basic System Administration

  • Setting Up Accounts

  • Configuring Xwindows and Desktop Managers

  • TCP/IP Networking

  • NFS

  • Setting up Printer, Email and Remote Access Services

  • Basic Troubleshooting Techniques

Who Needs to Attend:
 
Technical personnel who have responsibility for installing, operating, and administering or managing a Linux system. Technical support staff, programmers, software developers and project managers will all benefit.
 
Prerequisites:
Experience configuring, installing, inter-networking and troubleshooting other operating systems as well as experience setting up user accounts.
Course Content:
 
INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW
  • Linux components
  • Comparing Linux distributions
  • Obtaining free software from the Internet
  • Designing a mission-critical server for use in a multi-vendor environment
INSTALLING LINUX
Designing the installation
  • Evaluating automated installations, Planning custom installations
  • Organizing disk layout
Performing the installation
  • Selecting internationalization settings, Choosing software packages
  • Monitoring the installation process, Post-installation tasks
PERFORMING SYSTEM ADMINISTRATION
Administering the server
  • Correcting installation problems
  • Setting up user accounts, Configuring utilities
  • Connecting to the network
Maintaining the system
  • Examining the boot process, Logging system events
  • Managing software packages, Adding disk partitions and file systems

CONFIGURING XWINDOWS

The Xwindows System

  • Configuring standalone X11
  • XFree86 3.x and 4.0, X client resources
  • fvwm and Gnome configuration
  • XDM on a local workstation
  • Modem dialup: RH PPP dialer
IMPLEMENTING FILE AND PRINT SERVICES
Sharing file systems across the network
  • Linux-to-Windows shares with Samba
  • Exporting with NFS, Controlling exports with graphical configuration tools
Providing print services to Windows, UNIX, Mac OS and others
  • Berkeley (BSD) printing system
  • Printing with Common UNIX Printing System (CUPS)
  • Sharing printers to the Windows network neighborhood, Selecting printer drivers, Web-based printer and print queue administration
PROVIDING MISSION-CRITICAL INTRANET AND INTERNET SERVICES
Implementing DNS with BIND 9
  • Writing zone files, Transferring zone information to secondary servers
  • Caching non-authoritative information about other zones
Transferring bulk data with FTP
  • Extending FTP capabilities with wu-ftpd
  • Setting up anonymous FTP service
Serving Web pages with HTTP
  • Installing Apache
  • Supporting multiple Web sites on one Linux server with virtual hosting
Delivering mail to reliable servers using ESMTP
  • Setting up a mail transfer agent
  • Preventing unacceptable open relay behavior
Other information services
  • POP, IMAP, NNTP
CUSTOMIZING THE LINUX KERNEL
The anatomy of the kernel
  • The kernel source tree structure
  • Device drivers, File systems , Loadable modules , Generic kernels
Building a new kernel
  • Stable vs. experimental releases
  • Selecting required kernel components, Improving kernel efficiency with loadable modules, Customizing the kernel for specific tasks
Installing the kernel
  • Vital safety precautions you need to take before and during installation
  • Recovering from a bad kernel
  • Detecting and correcting system administration errors
IMPROVING NETWORK SECURITY
  • Defining firewall rules
  • Establishing secure network connections with SSH, SSL and IPsec
  • Detecting unauthorized system changes with Tripwire